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Common name: Nutmeg
• Assamese: জাইফল jaiphol
• Bengali: জাতিফল jatiphala, জায়ফল jayaphala
• Garo: joipol • Gujarati: જાયફળ jayaphala
• Hindi: जातीफल jati-phal, जायफल jayaphal
• Kannada: ಜಾಕಾಯಿ jakayi, ಜಾತೀಫಲ jatiphala
• Khasi: jaiphol • Konkani: जायफळ jayaphal
• Malayalam: ജാതി jathi, ജാതിക്കാ jathikka
• Manipuri: জায়ফল jayphal
• Marathi: जातीफल jatiphala, जायफळ jayaphala
• Nepali: जाइफल jaiphal
• Oriya: ଜାଇଫଳ jaiphala
• Sanskrit: जातिफल jatiphala
• Tamil: சாதிக்காய் cati-k-kay
• Telugu: జాజికాయ jajikaya
• Urdu: جائيپهل jayaphal
Botanical name: Myristica fragrans
Family: Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)
Synonyms: Myristica aromatica, Myristica moschata, Myristica officinalis
Below is given medicinal properties along with the meaning.
- Aphrodisiac: Stimulates sexual desire.
- Abortifacient: Induces abortion.
- Allergenic: Causes allergy.
- Analgesic: Relieve pain.
- Antibacterial: Active against bacteria.
- Anticancer: Used against or tending to arrest or prevent cancer
- Anti–inflammatory: Reducing inflammation by acting on body mechanisms.
- Antiseptic: Preventing the growth of disease-causing microorganisms.
- Carminative: Preventing the formation or causing the expulsion of flatulence.
- Digestive: Digestant.
- Expectorant: Promotes the secretion of sputum by the air passages, used to treat coughs.
- Emmenagogue: Stimulates or increases menstrual flow.
- Hallucinogen: Causes hallucinations
- Hypocholesterolemic: Lowers levels of cholesterol in the blood
- Narcotic: dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions.
- Stimulant: Raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body.
Medicinal Uses of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) and MaceNutmeg and mace are known as Jaiphal and Javitri respectively. Nutmeg is hot in potency and used as stimulant, aphrodisiac, astringent, carminative and narcotic. It helps in rheumatism, sciatica, anorexia, colic, diarrhea, dyspepsia, dysentery, bronchial troubles, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, loose motions, delirium, insomnia, senile debility and sexual weakness.
Mace is used therapeutically for indigestion and intermittent fevers. Roasted nutmeg is used internally for leucorrhea.
Nutmeg has sedative and CNS depressant effects. It has relaxant effect on smooth muscles of the intestine.
- Nutmeg has confirmed anti-diarrhoeal activity.
- Take a pinch of powdered nutmeg with a cup of hot milk.
Mix a pinch of nutmeg powder in 1/4 teaspoon of ginger paste. Mix in one glass buttermilk and drink.
3. Loose motion, colic pain
Mix nutmeg powder (1/8 teaspoon) with gur or jaggery and 1 tsp ghee and take for curing loose motion.
4. Dehydration due to diarrhea, loose motion, cholera
Take half nutmug. Soak in one glass water for 3 hours. Mix this water with coconut water in equal amount. Drink 23 times a day.
Rub one nutmeg on a stone with some water and make fine paste. Apply on the affected parts.
6. Stomach ache
Powdered nutmeg mixed with ghee is given once a day.
A pinch of jaifal powder is mixed in luke warm milk and consumed in the night.
Dosage of Nutmeg
- Nutmeg powder (Jatiphala) is taken in dose of 500 mg to 1 gram.
- Mace (Javitri) is taken in dose of 250 mg to 1 gram.
- Children of age group 5-16 years are given half of the adult dose.
- Contraindications, Interactions, Side-effects and Warnings (Nutmeg)
- It is safe in small recommended dosage.
- It is unsafe to use nutmeg in pregnancy. It must not be used in pregnancy.
- In high doses (one to three whole seeds or 5 to 15 g) it is very toxic and has narcotic effect. It can cause euphoria, a sensation of floating, flushed skin, vomiting, circulatory collapse, and visual or auditory hallucinations, within one to six hours.
- In excessive dose body shows symptoms of delirium, epileptic convulsions, giddiness, weak pulse and feeling of heaviness in chest.
- In clinical study the nutmeg oil has shown decreases fertility in rats.
- The seed extract cayuses anxiety.