Mimosa Pudica

Mimosa Pudica

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Common name: Sensitive Plant, Touch-me-not
Hindi: Chui-mui छुई-मुई, Lajwanti लाजवंती
Manipuri: Kangphal, Kangphal ikaithabi
Tamil: தொட்டாச்சுருங்கி thottaccurungi
Malayalam: Tintarmani
Assamese: Nilajban
Bengali লজ্জাবতী Lajjabati 
Kannada: Muttidare Muni, Muchchuga
Botanical name: Mimosa pudica     
Family: Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not family)
Mimosa pudica (from Latin Pudica meaning shy, shrinking) is also known as Sensitive Plant and touch- me-not. It is a perennial short prickly herb with sensitive leaves which fold and drop on touching. This plant is native to tropical America and Australia. Mimosa belongs to the taxonomic group Magnoliopsida and family Mimosaseae.

This plant is useful in treatment of various diseases. Its root is bitter, acrid, cooling, heals wounds, anti-venom and used in the treatment of excessive bile secretion, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensation, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, skin diseases etc. This medicinal herb is useful when diseases in body is due to aggravation of Pitta and Kapha dosh.

Sensitive pant/touch-me-not or Chui mui is semi-erect subshrub native to tropical America and Australia. It is also found in India and known as Laajwanti becuase of its leaves sensitivity for touch. It leaves fold and drop on touching. It is a medicinal herb with antibacterial, anti-venom, antifertility, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, aphrodisiac, and various other pharmacological activities.  Mimosa propagates through seeds. All five parts of Mimosa plant (Panchang – leaves, flowers, stems, roots, and fruits) are used for medicinal purpose.

Pharmacological Activities

  • Diuretic activities
    Its leaves decoction promotes urine production with excretion of sodium and potassium ion, but without affecting potassium excretion.
  • Lowers abnormal uterine bleeding
    The decoction of roots is useful in management of abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Anti-fertility effect
    The oral intake of roots causes decreases in fertility. The lab test on mice, shows altered estrous cycle and increased number of degenerated ovum.
  • Antivenom activity
    The aqueous extract of roots shows activity against snake venom.
  • Hyperglycemic effect
    Its leaves causes increase in blood sugar in body.
  • Antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral activity
    The various parts of Mimosa plant show antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral activity.
  • Wound healing activity
    The roots have wound healing activities and can be used for faster healing of cuts and wounds.

Medicinal Uses of Chhuimui

Mimosa is useful in treating various ailments. It can be applied externally on boils, ulcers, wounds, fungus, cuts and piles. In Ayurveda, its use is mentioned for skin and vaginal diseases, swelling, burning sensation, diarrhoea etc.
This plant is effective in treating bleeding disorders like menorrhagia, excessive uterine bleeding, and dysentery with blood, mucus and piles.

Here are few remedies that can be done at home to cure various ailments

  • This herb is very useful in curing heavy, abnormal uterine bleeding and skin diseases.
  • Bronchial asthma
    Prepare juice of plant Panchang and take in dose of 10-30 ml.
  • Diabetes
    Dry roots and leaves of plant. Pulverise and prepare powder. Take ths powder in dose of 2-5 grams.
  • Diarrhoea (athisaar), amoebic dysentery (raktaatisar)
    Dry its roots and pulverise to prepare powder. Take this powder (3 gm) with curd. Or Prepare decoction by boiling 5 gm root powder, in water (400 ml) till volume reduces to 100 ml. Filter and drink twice a day
  • Gandamala, glandular swellings
    Extract fresh leaves juice of Mimosa pudica and take 20-40 ml once a day for few weeks.
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
    Take fresh roots juice 5 ml, with honey and black pepper (Piper nigrum) every 2 hours, during the menstrual period.
  • Indigestion
    Drink fresh leaves juice in dose of 30 ml
  • Jaundice
    Take its fresh leaves juice (20-40 ml), twice a day for three weeks.
  • Piles, improving sexual potency in men
    Prepare powder of its leaves. Take this powder in dose of 1 teaspoon with milk, twice a day.
  • Stomach ache, intestinal worms
    Take its leaves paste once a day, with honey, empty stomach for 3-4 days.
  • Stones, Diabetes, Snake bite
    Prepare decoction of its roots (10 gm) in 400 ml water and drink twice a day.
  • Gum problems, toothaches
    Prepare root decoction and use frequently for gargling.
  • Glandular swellings, hydrocele
    Externally apply leaves juice on affected areas.
  • Wounds, itching
    Apply root paste on affected area with the help of cloth.
  • Sagging breasts
    Prepare a paste of Mimosa pudica and Ashwagandha roots. Apply this paste on breasts.
  • Abscess, boils for pus release and quick healing, fistulous sores
    Apply leaves paste at affected area.

1. Mimosa Pudica Wound Healing Activity:

                              Traditionally the leaf extract made by grinding the leaves with little water and extracting the juice is used for treating wounds. This remedy has been proven scientifically now! For the study, both the methanolic and water extract was used in 3 different concentrations (0.5 %, 1 % and 2 %) in a basic ointment base. The ointment containing 2 % of both methanolic and water extract showed significant wound healing activity.

2. Mimosa Pudica Anti Venom Activity:

                              An interesting study was done on the anti venomous activity of mimosa pudica and that too cobra venom! The study which was done on the water extract of the mimosa pudica dried root (made by boiling the dried root in water) proved that it is very good at inhibiting the activity of the snake venom. But this remedy has to done under the observation of an experienced healer or herbalist.

3. Mimosa Pudica For Piles:

                         Mimosa Pudica is very good for treating bleeding piles and has been used as a remedy for it for many many years. For the remedy, crush the leaves into a fine paste and apply as a poultice, it will greatly ease the burning and bleeding. This is due to it's amazing wound healing properties.

4. Mimosa Pudica For Ulcers:

                       Another very important study on mimosa pudica was its effect on ulcers. The study done on rats with artificially induced ulcers proved that 100 mg of ethanolic extract very effectively reduced the ulcers. 

5. Mimosa Pudica For Diarrhea: 

                       Mimosa pudica is very good in treating diarrhea. A study done on albino rats by inducing them to diarrhea using castor oil and treating them with ethanolic extract proved to be very effective in controlling the diarrhea.

6. Mimosa Pudica Anti inflammatory Properties:

                       Another study proved its anti inflammatory properties. The study done on rats with artificially induced paw odema proved its anti inflammatory properties. The results were very effective and significant. In village sides, we do boil the leaves of mimosa pudica and use the warm liquid as a compress, happy to know that it has been proven scientifically.

7. Mimosa Pudica Anti Diabetic Activity:

                                Mimosa pudica's anti diabetic activity has been proven through research. The research was done using the ethanolic extract but usually the leaf powder or the root powder is taken daily for bringing down the blood sugar levels.

8. Liver Protecting Activity of Mimosa Pudica:

                Another important medicinal use it's protection of liver against toxins . When rats were given toxic ethanol along with mimosa pudica extract, it proved to be very effective in protecting the liver from toxicity.

9. Anti microbial, Anti Fungal & Anti Viral Properties Of Mimosa Pudica:

                   Mimosa pudica has been proven for its anti microbial, anti fungal and anti viral properties. The research was done using different concentrations of the mimosa pudica ethanol extract on various fungus and bacteria and it proved to be very effective in controlling them.

10. Anti fertility Activity of Mimosa Pudica:

                      Mimosa pudica has proven to have anti fertility properties. so if you are trying for pregnancy, never consume mimosa pudica in any form...

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