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Common name: Cuban Oregano, Indian borage, Indian mint, Mexican mint, Mexican oregano, Spanish thyme
• Hindi: पत्थरचूर Patharchur, पत्ता अजवाइन Patta ajwain
• Marathi: पत्थरचूर Pathurchur
• Tamil: கர்பூரவல்லீ Karpuravalli
• Malayalam: Panikkurkka, Kannikkurkka
• Telugu: Sugandhavalkam, కర్పూరవల్లీ Karpoora valli, karuvaeru, vamu aaku
• Kannada: karpurahalli, dodda pathre, dodda pathre soppu, karpoora valli
• Sanskrit: कर्पूरवल्ली Karpuravalli, Sugandhavalakam
Botanical name: Plectranthus amboinicus
Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family)
Synonyms: Coleus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus, Plectranthus aromaticus
Distribution : Seen all throughout India grown in houses for instant remedy for fever.
Botanical description : Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). Leaves are undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate) and very thick, they are pubescent (thickly studded with hairs), with the lower surface possessing the most numerous glandular hairs, giving a frosted appearance. The taste of this leaf is pleasantly aromatic with agreeable and refreshing odour. Flowers are on a short stem (shortly pedicelled), pale purplish in dense whorls at distant intervals in a long slender raceme.
The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Finely chopped, they can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. Such use as a flavouring and its geographic spread is indicated by some of the common names, and documented for Cambodia and South Africa. It is also used as a vegetable, for example in South East Asia. The herb is used as a substitute for oregano in the food trade and food labelled "oregano-flavoured" may well contain this herb.
The leaves have also had many traditional medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of coughs, sore throats and nasal congestion, but also for a range of other problems such as infections, rheumatism and flatulence. The plant is cultivated in home-gardens throughout India for use in traditional medicine, being used to treat malarial fever, hepatopathy, renal and vesical calculi, cough, chronic asthma, hiccough, bronchitis, helminthiasis, colic, convulsions, and epilepsy, Shenoy and others refer to further Indian traditional medicinal uses such as for skin ulcerations, scorpion bite, skin allergy, wounds, diarrhoea, with emphasis on the leaves being used as a hepatoprotective, to promote liver health. In Indonesia Plectranthus amboinicus is a traditional food used in soup to stimulate lactation for the month or so following childbirth. In Cambodia 2 uses are recorded: juice from the leaves is sweetened and then given to children as protection from colds; and leaves are applied to the lips. In Bahia, Brasil, people use the plant to treat skin lesions caused byLeishmania braziliensis. Just to the north, in Paraiba of the same country, the plant was extremely commonly known for use in home medication. As noted above, medicinal use also occurs in Southern India, it also documented in other parts of South East Asia and South Africa.
Other uses include as an ornamental, and for its essential oils.
Action _ Leaf—used in urinary
diseases, vaginal discharge, colic
and dyspepsia. Stimulates the
function of liver. Also given in
epilepsy and other convulsive
affections, asthma, bronchitis, cold
and chronic cough. Bruised leaves
are applied to burns; leaf juice to
The leaf extract has shown regulatory
influence on calcium oxalate stone
formation in experimental rats. In folk
medicine, leaves are used internally for
expelling kidney stone (the herb is also
known as Paashaanbhedi).
Homoeopathic medicine, prepared
from fresh leaves, is used in the affections
of urinary organs, especially in
difficult urination or in burning pains
during and after urination.
The aerial parts from Pakistan yield
an essential oil which contains
thymol ; whereas in Fijian
sample of leaves carvacrol and camphor
are major constituents. Leaves
contain a large amount of oxaloacetic
acid, flavonoid, cirsimaritin and betasitosterol.
Ayurvedic pharmacological properties
Rasa : tiktha, lavana, kshara
Guna : laghu, rooksha, teekshna
Veerya : ushna
Vipaka : katu
Medicinal properties :
Leaves are diuretic. To evacuate the bladder and to eliminate the discharge from the cervix this drug is helpful. The juice of leaves help in curing abdominal pain, cough and cold. It also aids in digestion.
Useful parts : stem, leaves
Therapeutical uses of Coleus aromaticus
-eatables prepared out of grinded flour mixed with juice of leaves of this plant helps in curing irritable bowel syndrome in children
-for the fevers of children the leaves of this plant heated , then if the extracted juice is given three times a day, cures it
-the paste of leaves 6gm-10gm if mixed with water and taken once at night followed by intake of 6gm of triphala powder mixed with water cures intestinal worms
-the boiled water prepared out of boiling with leaves of this plant, cloves and Myristica fragrans when drunk repeatedly is a remedy for cholera.
1.Nesamanis text Vol 2
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